The Elements of Interior Design You Should Know

April 2, 2024
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There is more to painting the walls and adding furnishings to interior design. Interior design is about more than just making any space attractive. It is both art and science. It is important to note that when decorating any living space, the body and mind’s reaction greatly matters; such designers employ skills and techniques to reshape how we perceive living spaces. In this case, interior design elements are integrated to achieve the appearance your family and friends will love.


One example of intelligent space utilization in interior design is the “open concept” floor plan. This design focuses on the balance between negative and positive space. Negative space is about a space giving a room a lofty and open feel. At the same time, positive space is filled with decorations such as furniture pieces and other decorative items. Walls are removed in this concept, making the brain feel like the space is more significant than when the walls are present. 


Another essential element is lines (horizontal, vertical, and dynamic). Horizontal lines give any room a tranquil and peaceful feel. They make the space feel more comprehensive and expansive. However, too many horizontal lines make the space dull. Vertical lines, on the other hand, draw the eyes upward. Too many, though, can cause people to feel confined. 

Dynamic lines suggest movement and stimulation. These lines encourage the eyes to move in the direction of the line. Examples are zigzag, angular, and curved lines. Offer different movements or effects on the feeling of a room. They provide energy and life to the whole room; examples are zigzag and angular lines. Curves and smooth lines add balance and smoothness. 


Patterns are a collection of lines and forms. Like shapes, they highlight specific parts of the room, such as stairs, ceilings, and walls. They can be achieved by displaying posters, installing wallpaper, picture frames, or pillows. 


Light can set the right mood in your rooms. Natural light can represent warmth and happiness. It can show the natural beauty of paint colors and highlight furniture pieces you want to feature. Place them near windows or doors to allow them to be illuminated with natural light. Regulate the entry of natural light with curtains, shades, or drapes. 

Artificial lighting, however, can be added if natural light is not enough. It can highlight a particular piece of art, poster, or wall art. Examples of these are task lighting, accent lighting, and ambient lighting. 


Colors evoke specific messages and moods as the brain reacts to the different colors inside a room. Specific colors produce the desired effect that you want for your home. Both cool and warm colors evoke different kinds of feelings. Green, for instance, suggests tranquility and peace. As one of the cool colors, green also evokes an atmosphere of relaxation and calmness. Warm colors like red, on the other hand, promote activity and stimulation. Red stimulates hunger, while purple represents royalty. 


There are two types of texture: actual and visual. The exact texture shows how a material feels, like silk’s smoothness and leather’s toughness. Visual texture is how something appears to feel to your eyes. Posters and other wall coverings feature images that make the eyes perceive having the real deal. For example, posters or wallpaper that feature stones can give an illusion of rocks on the wall.